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Aviation fuel is one of the most essential requirements of flight operations. However, not all flight operators are familiar with the different types of fuel used in airplanes. Some of them are frequently confused by the fuel types and specifications!
What are the different types of aviation fuel? What is the difference between all those types? What kind of fuel do airplanes use? Which is the suitable aviation fuel for a specific aircraft?
Due to its long experience in providing all types of clean and reliable airplane fuel, Canaf Fuels answers all these questions and provides a classification of airplane fuel type
In general aviation, there are two main aircraft fuel types, which are AVGAS and Jet Fuel. Choosing the right aviation fuel for your aircraft depends mainly on its engine type. AVGAS, or aviation gasoline, is used for piston-engine aircraft. These types of aircraft fly through the rotation of the propellers which generate the thrust. While Jet Fuel is used for aircraft with turbine-engine jets. These fly with the thrust of expelled air.
What kind of fuel do airplanes use? What is airplane’s fuel name ? There are various types of airplane fuel available worldwide. However, commercial airplanes, private jets, and general aviation aircraft widely use and depend on two main types of airplane fuel: Jet Fuel and AVGAS.
As previously mentioned, the main determiner of which aviation fuel type to choose is your aircraft engine type!
Jet fuel is a colorless, refined kerosene-based type of fuel. It is used for airplanes with turbine engines, like jet engines and turboprops.
Jet Fuel is available in two types, too. Jet A and Jet A1.
Despite some differences in the manufacturing specifications between the two Jet Fuel types, both can be used interchangeably to operate turbine-engines airplanes.
The main differences between Jet A and Jet A1 are:
Aviation gasoline, or AVGAS, is the type of aviation fuel that powers small piston-engine airplanes. These airplanes are usually operated by flying clubs, flight training jets, and private pilots.
AVGAS is the only available airplane fuel that still contains amounts of tetraethyl lead additive. Tetraethyl lead prevents harming the engine knock or detonation, which can cause unexpected engine failures. However, it is a toxic substance for humans in case of inhalation or absorption into the bloodstream.
AVGAS also includes two main types, which are AVGAS 100 and AVGAS 100LL. The 100 in both types refers to the octane rating.
Now, since you became familiar with choosing the aviation fuel type that suits your aircraft, you need to supply the aircraft with fuel from a trusted fuel provider like Canaf Fuels .
Now that you know about the specifications and uses of both Jet Fuel and AVGAS, Canaf Fuels presents the following comparison of AVGAS Vs. Jet Fuel:
The above-mentioned Jet Fuel variations and AVGAS variations form the main four aviation fuel types used for different aircraft worldwide. But there are other types of aircraft fuel, too. Flight operators and airlines use these types only in special conditions or situations like extreme weather. The most common other airplane fuel types are:
Russia and CIS nations mainly depend on this type of aviation fuel for operating their airplanes. TS-1 has a low freeze point of -50° C, which makes it essential for flying in the cold weather of these areas. Moreover, the TS-1 flashpoint is 28°C, giving it high volatility.
Jet B contains a light mixture of about 30% kerosene and 70% gasoline. This type of airplane fuel is essential in extremely cold countries like Canada and Alaska, as it has a freeze point of -60° C. However, its dangerously flammable kerosene-gasoline mixture makes it rare to use.
JP-8 is an aviation fuel that mainly operates military aircraft, especially NATO air forces and the U.S military. This type of aircraft fuel is similar to Jet A1, but JP-8 has additional anti-icing and corrosion inhibitor additives to cover the logistical and operational differences between military and commercial airplanes.
JP-5 is a yellow, kerosene-based airplane fuel that commonly operates military aircraft fuelling. This fuel type is a complex combination of hydrocarbons including naphthene and alkanes. This mixture gives JP-5 a high flashpoint of 60° C and allows it to avoid the risk of fire that accompanies aircraft carriers transportation.
Sustainable aviation fuel is a game-changer in the aviation sector. It is the eco-friendly alternative to regular airplane fuels. All the different types of regular aviation fuel contribute to the increase of global warming and climate change because of their high rates of Co₂ emission.
Sustainable aviation fuel is becoming more demanded recently since it could turn the aviation sector from being responsible for about around 2-3% of the global carbon emission into a sector that follows high sustainability strategies.
If you like to know more about the benefits of this airplane fuel type and its environmental benefit
With international flight restrictions worldwide, aviation fuel oversupply and decreased demand have seriously affected aviation fuel prices. From AVGAS price to JetA1, fuel prices are dropping worldwide, with a great deal of disparity. According to AirNav, currently, AVGAS 100LL price nationwide in the US is an average of $4.60, with the lowest being $2.20 going maximum to $11.40. You can also check IATA’s Jet Fuel Monitor to see the graphs of how aviation fuel price is dropping in the industry.
With the current upheaval in the world and travel restrictions, the aviation industry is facing fuel demand fears, affecting the aviation fuel price. Airplane fuel suppliers and experts have suggested that airplane fuel could take years to recover. But the aviation industry is pivoting and trying to get back to normal. Private flights and cargo flights are flying smoothly in many nations.
Due to the fluctuation in jet fuels, it is always recommended to trust an aviation fuel seller like Canaf Fuels. The sufficient amount of aviation fuel Canaf Fuels tradesand refines BLCO through the year and our strategy to procure jet fuel from our local Thai JV fuel suppliers enable Canaf Fuels to offer you aviation fuel supply at the best price. Whether it is AVGAS price or Jet A1, we offer you the best quality aviation fuel at the best rate in the market.
Through our worldwide network our JV Fuels, Canaf Fuels trades and refines BLCO for domestic, industrial and transport use, export, and shipping of aviation fuel suppliers, we provide aircraft fuelling services including JET A1 aviation fuel in most international, national, commercial, and private airports around the world. With enough notice, we can also supply your aircraft with AVGAS aviation fuel upon request. We are in JV contract with major, regional, and local aviation fuel suppliers around the world, and are always equipped to offer professional aviation fuel services according to your plane fuelling specifications and needs.
We provide aviation fuel services in almost every commercial and private airport around the world, as well as many military airports. This makes that Canaf Fuels can directly supply fuel, which is why we are an aviation fuel seller, trades, refines, export, shipping, storage, and transport to your destination. With the fuel cost being the largest direct operating cost of any flight, being diligent when shopping for your aviation fuel is imperative. At Canaf Fuels, we believe that all aircraft fuelling savings per litter or gallon reflects hugely on your flight department’s annual fuel bill.
Our procurement strategy is to sale from Canaf Fuels to local aviation fuel suppliers. We supply from our sales, trades, refines, export, shipping, storage, and transport to your destination or international suppliers to ensure that our clients are getting the best possible value. We also contract with other aviation fuel suppliers in every location to provide our clients with the best competitive prices of aviation fuel. This strategy, in addition to the volume of fuel we sales per year, allows us to offer competitive and cost-effective jet fuel rates. This holds true regardless of whether payment is made in cash, by credit card, or through a local FBO or ground handler.
Finally, our search for competitive aviation fuel prices does not compromise our commitment to quality and safety. In fact, Canaf Fuels only sales jet fuel that complies with international standards and tests.
Canaf Fuels provides you with the most competitive fuel prices, without any hidden charges.
Our team of aviation experts, with their detailed knowledge of fuel prices and taxes aim to provide you with the most cost-efficient and reliable fuel types.
Our wide network of fuel suppliers enables us to provide aviation fuel services from major aviation hubs like London, Dubai, Paris, and Africa to airports in far-off locations like Thailand, Cambodia, Myanmar, Laos, and Vietnam.
We understand the complex schedule of our clients, which requires flight arrangements on a short notice. We can resolve your aviation fuel services requests on short notice.
For aviation fuelling services in selected European countries, Canaf Fuels will provide you with a value added tax (VAT) compliant invoice to reduce your VAT liability.
Many fuel suppliers still require their payments to be made in cash. But carrying such a large amount of cash is highly inconvenient and unsafe. Canaf Fuels offers its clients credit facilities and sends them their invoices after delivering all the aircraft fuelling services.